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Tsum Valley Trek

Trip Overview

  • Witness majestic views of Ganesh Himal (7,422m) & Mt. Manaslu (8,163m)
  • Discover Tibetan Buddhist culture with locals of Tibetan origin in the Tsum Valley
  • Trek into the remote areas of Nepal Explore the exotic Tsum Valley
  • The remote and rugged Tsum Valley Trek was not opened to global trekkers until 2008
  • Meaning the trails are comparatively less traveled and more adventurous than many other treks in Nepal.

Tsum Valley Trek was not opened to global trekkers until 2008, meaning the trails are comparatively less traveled and more adventurous than many other treks in Nepal. On this trek, trekkers will be able to explore the remote and beautiful surroundings of Ganesh Himal, Bouddha Himal, and the Sringi Himal mountain ranges. The trek starts and concludes at Arughat, a 7-8 hours drive from Kathmandu. The initial days of the trek are all about hiking to Budhi Gandaki Valley on remote trails that pass through lush forests, terraced fields, and beautiful villages. The trekkers need to leave the main trail of the Manaslu Circuit trek to head towards Tsum valley. The inner feeling of peace and tranquility that you get in this trek is indescribable. Apart from the exotic north of Mt.Manaslu Trek offers an exciting journey along the lower Budhi Gandaki regions of Liding, Machhakhola, Jagat, and Philim. Ancient Gumbas such as Rachen Gompa, Mu Gompa, and Dephyudonma Gompa are other important highlights of this trek. Lastly, the warm hospitality of Tsumba people, the indigenous ethnic community of the valley, offers a homely environment to trekkers even in such remoteness. bustle. Tsum Valley trek is an ideal package for travelers who love solitude and a journey far away from crowds and hustle.



We begin our journey driving west of Kathmandu along the Prithvi highway. We will drive through forested middle hills with the Trishuli river at our right. The first part of our road heads north towards Dhading Besi (Headquarter of Dhading district) and then dirt road drops to cross Ankhu Khola and then leads us northwest to Arughat on the Budi Gandaki. Budi Gandaki drains the Manaslu Tsum region. The dirt road winds upwards towards the Gola Bhanjyang where panoramic views of the southern slopes of the Ganesh, Boudha and Manaslu Himal can be visible. We pass through the hydroelectric power plant, terraces, numerous villages, green hills, some pretty waterfalls, fields of rice and millet to Mangaltar, and through lush green forests until we arrive at Shanti Bazar.Descending to a high, cascading waterfall makes a long steep slog up a ridge to Kuerepani, from here the trail descends to Soti Khola. We stay overnight at Soti Khola. MEALS:Lunch &Dinner
Today, we embark on our trek from Soti Khola after breakfast. The trail gradually rises through forested and terraced ridges passing through two tropical waterfalls on a steep, rocky trail clinging to the side of a cliff. Then we descend down, eventually passing through rice terraces up to the Gurung village of Labubesi (885m).Then we climb behind a rocky outcrop, where the valley opens and the Budi Gandaki meanders among wide gravel bars.Dropping to the sandy river bed and walking along rounded stones before climbing over a side ridge. Heading down again to the river and traversing to Machha Khola village.We stay overnight at Machha Khola. MEALS:Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
After crossing Thado Khola, we follow a rocky ravine in order to reach Khorlabesi. Continuing our walk, we reach Tatopani where we can find a small trailside hot spring.From here, we climb over another ridge, to cross the Budi Gandaki on a suspension bridge.Then we climb on a wide, well-crafted staircase, across a landslide and over a ridge to Doban.Ascending up again to the Budi Gandaki, we reach Yaru Khola. Here also, we have to cross a suspension bridge and climb the stone stairs and then drop to the river and again climb more stone stairs to Thado Bharyang. Further, we cross the west bank of the Budi Gandaki and climb over a ridge trekking along the river and climbing towards the village of Jagat.We stay overnight at Jagat. MEALS:Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
In the early part of our trek, we ascend over a rocky ridge to Salleri and then descend down to Sirdibas via a flat level path.The valley widens a bit as the trail continues up to Ghatta Khola.Continue upstream to a long simple hanging bridge and climb up to Philim, a big village mainly inhabited by the Gurungs.Walk past Philim to the north across a forest and with the views of the narrowing valley we reach Chisopani. We stay overnight at Chisopani. MEALS:Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
This day is challenging as it is an ascending path that stretches on almost the entire route. Entering through the pine and rhododendron tree forest, we descend down to the trail which leads us to Tsum Valley. En route, you can see the panoramic views of mountains. Continuing our walk, we pass through a small beautiful village called Lokpa. It is along the old trial route.From Lokpa,we have to descend down for half an hour up to Lungwa Khola and then climb on a zigzag trail for further two hours north through pines and rhododendrons until we reach Gumlung. After crossing the Siyar Khola, we finally arrive at Chumling.It is the lower Tsum valley. Chumling is located on the south face of the Shingri Himal from where we can see an eye catching view of Shringi Himal.You can also visit the old Chumling Gompa, and the stone streets of the village. MEALS:-Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
The scenic views of the valley and views of Ganesh Himal amply compensate for todays walk. Cross a huge slip where rocks and flood cleared the area even up onto the opposite bank, killing five in 1999, but is now covered with a forest of new trees.Up the valley to the east are superb views of several of the 7000-7400m Ganesh Himal, of long suspension bridges on the opposite bank, and far above the perched village of Ripchet (2468m) Passing through Rainjam and crossing Serpu Khola, we climb for over two hours on well-graded but exposed track to upper Tsum and the join villages of Chokhangparo, stone houses with a few iron roofs nestled under cliffs.Chokhangparo is situated on a flat land and consists of 2 settlements, Chokhang and Paro. If the weather permits, enjoy the views of Himalchuli (7893m) and Ganesh Himal (7140m).This area is prominent for its Tibetan Buddhist heritage. MEALS:Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
Ascending from Chokhangparo, we head east through small villages. Stop for the magnificent view. Gradually climbing over a ridge of chortens, we pass Lama Gaon (3202m) through the flat fields, looking across the extensive crops and river to the huge courtyard of the Rachen Gompa/ Nunnery Gompa (3240m). The friendly people speak Tsumba, related to Tibetan, but often little Nepali and are quite unused to visitors. We continue walking through the well-managed villages Lar (micro hydropower), Phurbe and Pangdun. Nile is the last village heading north in the upper Tsum valley. This area is massively deforested.This village is situated on the banks of the Shiar Khola and it consists of a large number of households. Both villages are in traditional style with the inclusion of livestock compounds into the houses and sheltered verandahs for drying crops.We stay overnight at Nile. MEALS:Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
We have a very short and pleasant walk today. We walk to the west bank of the valley through the Tibetan landscapes. We are now almost close to the Tibetan border. After about three hours of walk from Nile we reach Mu Gompa through dry Tibetan country, with rows of chortens and widening mountain vistas. Mu Gompa is a very old monastery with over 100 monks and there are no village establishments here. Mu Gompa is the largest monastery in the region. It is located at the highest and farthest point in the Tsum valley. In an ancient period, this Gompa was visited by David Snellgrove (Himalayan Pilgrimage) in 1956. This trail is used to import and export things to and from Tibet. You may come across several yak trains supplying goods to local villages. As we have enough time left after arrival,we can explore around the Mu Gompa.We can also visit the monastery, Dhephu Doma Gompa.The isolated 600 year-old Dhephu Doma Gompa (3900m) is 30 to 45 minutes uphill on the obvious westward track and has two resident nuns who report seeing snow leopards and musk deer and may give you tea.The inside of the Gompa has been repainted by monks from Tibet and there are some ancient Thanka.Or taking a half day walk to the Nunnery and to a small pond a big further up to Nunnery is also a good option. MEALS:Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
We leave Mu Gompa and trek back through Chhule and Phurba, passing through the east bank of Shiyar Khola. After about five hours of walk, we reach Burgi village. Burgi is a small beautiful village. Then we climb up to the Milarepa’s Cave(piren phu). This Cave is known for its mesmerizing glimpses of Poshyop Glacier, Kipu Himal, and Churke Himal.In the path you can have the traditional Tibetan Chiya (butter tea) and local meal. MEALS:Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
Continue trekking down to Chhokang Paro again.From there, continue descending to Gho.Descending further, we arrive at the bridge over the Sarpu Khola. Trekking along the lower Tsum Valley takes you to again Chumling. MEALS:Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
We leave Chumling and continue our walk. We move ahead on a flat trail and reach Lokpa. En route you can also enjoy the view of Samba Falls. After a walk for about seven hours, we will reach Philim. MEALS:Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
The trek starts today from Philim to Khorlabesi via Jagat and Tatopani. Descend down to Sirdibas and continue until we finally reach Jagat. Further descend takes us to Yaruphant.The arid Tibetan climate now gives way to subtropical green vegetation.Continue trekking to Dobhan. Finally arrive at Tatopani, where there is a hot spring. If interested, you may dip in the hot spring and relax your tired muscles! If not, continue walking up and down from Tatopani to reach Khorlabesi, our rest place for the day. MEALS:Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
We cross the Thado Khola following a rocky ravine. Then we descend down to the river and traverse through Machha Khola village.We walk along the Budhi Gandaki River to reach to Gurung village of Labubesi. Passing through two waterfalls on a steep rocky trail on the side of a cliff we reach Khursani.You can enjoy the pristine beauty of the waterfalls on both sides of the river. Walking along the ridge above Budhi Gandaki and crossing the Sal forests, we continue our walk and finally, cross the bridge to arrive at Soti Khola where we will spend our overnight. MEALS:Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
We will be driven to Kathmandu which takes about 8 to 9 hours along the Prithivi highway. Marshyangdi and Trishuli River will be on your side throughout the drive with splendid views of green hills,mountains, farming terraces and villages.Then you head up to Dhading Besi and Malekhu which is famous for delicious fish. After your arrival in Kathmandu, you will be transferred to hotel. MEALS:Breakfast & Lunch

What is Included?

    • Airport transfers by private vehicle as per the itinerary
    • ACAP, MCAP and Manaslu, and Tusm Valley restricted area permit
    • Local bus from Kathmandu to Sotikhola and return
    • Government licensed, experienced English speaking guide
    • Food, accommodation, salary, insurance, equipment, and medicine for all staff
    • Sleeping bags and down jackets for the trek (should be refunded after the trek
    • All government taxes
    • Accommodation in guesthouses during the trek
    • Three daily meals during the trek
    • First aid kit
    • Trekking Map
    • fresh fruit

What is Excluded?

    • ​​Nepal visa fees
    • Meals and accommodation in Kathmandu
    • Travel and medical insurance
    • International airfare
    • Beverage bills, bar bills, and Personal expenses
    • Drinks and desserts
    • Tips for the guide, porter, and driver
    • Excess baggage charges (if you have more than 10 kg of luggage, a cargo charge is around $1.5 per kg)
    • Extra night accommodation in Kathmandu because of early arrival, late departure, early return from mountain (due to any reason) than the scheduled itinerary
    • Optional trips and sightseeing if extended

Equipment Checklist

  • Day pack (25–35 liters)Pack cover
  • Sleeping bag comfortable to 0°F (dependent upon season, weather forecast and personal preference) optional
  • Waterproof hiking boots
  • Camp shoes (down booties or running shoes)
  • LED headlamp with extra batteries
  • Trekking poles, Trekking Clothing
  • Wicking, quick-dry boxers or briefs (3)
  • Wicking, quick-dry sports bra (for women)
  • Heavyweight long underwear bottoms
  • Mid-weight long underwear bottoms
  • Mid-weight long underwear top
  • Wool or synthetic T-shirts (2)
  • Mid-weight fleece or soft-shell jacket (2)
  • Convertible hiking pants
  • Fleece pants or insulated pants
  • Lightweight waterproof/breathable rain jacket
  • Lightweight waterproof/breathable rain pants
  • Mid-weight fleece gloves or wool gloves
  • Liner gloves, Midweight fleece/wool winter hat, Sun hat
  • Mid-weight wool or synthetic socks (3 pairs)
  • Liner socks (optional)Sunglasses
  • Sun lotion 35 to 50, Water Bottle
  • Slippers, Towels, Raincoat
  • Personal medicine kits


What type of shape do I need to be in, is this trip for me?

This trip is suitable for average people who are moderately fit, thus no previous experience is required. Some physical fitness programs such as running, swimming, hiking is recommended before you embark on your journey. The best preparation for this trek is bushwalking involving relatively steep ascents and descents. If you can manage a couple of valley floor to ridgeline ascents per comfortable and able to enjoy the trek to the fullest. They are physically strong, sharp-witted, and have an incredibly positive attitude towards a life that we would consider extremely tough. There is something about a trek in the Himalaya that draws you back time and time again. For keen walkers, it is a paradise and even avowed non-walkers find that one foot just seems to follow the other, drawn by the appeal of what lies beyond.


Will some body come to pick me up at the airport open my arrival?

Yes, our airport representative will be there to greet you at the airport. S/he will be displaying Mount Adventure Holidays signboard outside the airport terminal. Upon arrival, you will be transferred to your hotel in our tourist vehicle.


Can I obtain the visa for Nepal upon on arrival at the airport?

YES, you can obtain the visa easily upon your arrival at Tribhuwan International Airport in Kathmandu (Tourist Visa with Multiple Entries for 15 days can be obtained by paying USD 30 or equivalent foreign currency. Similarly, Tourist Visa with Multiple Entries for 30 days and 90 days can be obtained by paying USD 50 and 125 respectively. Please bring 2 copies of passport size photos.)


Do I need any extra document?

Please bring a copy of your travel insurance, a copy of your passport, and 3 photos (passport size) with you for your trip to Nepal. You would need photos for permits.


What are the toilet facilities in the tea house /guesthouse?

Most of the tea houses do have western-style flushing toilets however in higher elevation you could find the squat toilets made of either a ceramic basin on the ground or few planks precariously positioned over a hole in the ground which is always outside of the room.


Is there a possibility of getting separate rooms for the trip? If so how much extra will this cost?

During the trek, we will try our best but normally the lodges have twin sharing and dormitory styled rooms instead of a single room. The lodges will provide a private room for one person when the room is free and additional cost is not required. In Kathmandu, USD 45 Per Room per Night would be added as a single supplement fee. The single supplements are always guaranteed in Kathmandu but not in the mountain especially during the peak time.


What sort of food can I expect in trekking?

Most teahouses (lodges) in Annapurna trails cook a delicious range of mostly vegetarian fare. Pasta, tuna bakes, noodles, potatoes, eggs, Dal Bhat (rice and lentils), bread, soup, fresh vegetables (variety depends on the season), and even some desserts like apple pies, pancakes, and some interesting attempts at custard. You will find a lot of garlic on the menu because it assists with acclimatization – eat some every day. In many villages, you may find some meat items on the menu. You can always get hot chocolate, tea, and hot lemon drinks, as well as soft drinks, and treats like chocolate and crisps. Each day dinner and breakfast will be at a lodge you’ll stay at while for the lunch you would be stopping by on the way where you can order your meals as per your choice. Guide will help you to stop by at the best possible places to eat.


Is the food in mountain prepared to international standard in terms of safety?

YES, the food is very safe during the trekking and we recommend you to eat the vegetarian and local food. Please follow the suggestion of our guide on the trek.


I am a Vegetarian, is that a Problem?

No problem at all because mostly, the lodges serve the vegetarian meals. We always recommend our clients to eat vegetarian meals to avoid food poisoning, eating heavy meals and non- vegetarian meals at a high altitude is not really safe for the stomach.


What is the drinking water facility in the mountain?

Bottled water is easily available at the lodges and teahouses, which you can buy at the cost of USD 1 at lower elevations to USD 3 to higher elevation per liter. If you are planning to drink normal water all the way during the trek, purifying water with any sort of purification tablets or drops is a must. You can bring your own purifier or can purchase it in Kathmandu.


What is your cancellation policy?

Cancellation notice is required, a minimum of 20 days prior to trip departure. If the reason is valid the Trip shall then be termed as canceled and the cancellation charge of 30% of the trip amount would be deducted from the advance paid.


How much additional money do I need per day?

It depends on your spending habits. Generally, in Kathmandu and during the trek you can allocate USD 10 to USD 15 for lunch and a dinner. USD 10 to USD 15 per person a day will be enough to buy bottles of water, chocolates, pay for the hot shower, and a few drinks during the trekking.


What is the best season for this trekking?

Our trekking season extends from mid- September to May. From early September, the monsoonal rains decrease. By the end of September to December, the weather is usually stable with mild to warm days, cold nights. February, March, April, May, June, October, November, December is the best time to do this trek.


What is the weather & temperature like in trekking?

One of the most unpredictable elements of the mountain is the weather. If you’re not properly prepared for the twists, turns, and volatility of the conditions that can occur in this breathtaking region, you might find yourself in an uncomfortable and unpleasant situation. Here are some weather basics to help ensure that you come to the Himalayas as well equipped and prepared to face anything. Generally speaking, the nights are much cooler than the daytime. Many first-time trekkers are surprised to learn about the incredible range that may occur in a given day. During the day, the thermometer could reach temps as high as 25 degrees C (77 Degrees F), only to dip down as low as -5 degrees C (23 Degrees F) in less than 24 hours. While there’s no way to know exactly what each day in the mountains will bring, the weather and temperature ranges tend to be somewhat predictable based on the month and season.


If I am sick can I continue the trek next day after a day rest?

It totally depends on the level of your sickness. Once you are sick at a higher altitude you need to rest at a lower altitude and it at least needs 3 days to a week for the recovery. If you are on private or solo trips you can discuss and decide with a guide depending on your health status. If you were in-group then this option would be limited so please make sure you discuss with a guide and catch up the group later on.


Do you use yaks/porters on the trek or do we carry all of our own gear?

Whilst on the trek, our porter will take care of your luggage. All you need to carry is your small day bag for your personal belongings like camera, water bottle, sun cream, etc.


Will there be a place to store items/clothing not required for the trek?

The hotel in Kathmandu does provide free storage services. So you can leave all your items that are not required for the trekking at your hotel.


Can I add extra days to my trekking trip?

A holiday should never be about making it to the final point quickly. Along your trek, we can add days at your request with additional costs to cover guides, porters, accommodation, and food Please consult with your guide and he will update our office in Kathmandu and we can make the arrangements accordingly. If you are in the private or solo trip it would be possible as your itinerary is very flexible whereas if you were in-group then this option would be limited so please make sure you discuss with your group and guide and your guide will update us accordingly.


Do I need to tip my guide and porters? How much would that be?

This is a difficult thing to gauge. We have seen everything from USD 20 to USD 1000 per person for guides and porters. Tipping is not required, but a small gesture of thanks to your guides and local porters. The level of the tip should reflect the level of satisfaction from and personal involvement with your guide. However, we recommend you spend a minimum of 10% of your total trip cost for tipping the entire local staff, the ratio of tipping guide and porter will be given to you at the pre-trip meeting in Kathmandu before starting the trek.


All your departure is guaranteed to run?

YES, all our trips are guaranteed to run. We never cancel the trip due to not having enough participants; we can arrange the trip for one person as well as a private trip at very minimal additional cost. Please inquire about this during the time of booking.


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